God preserve us from generalisations. Best of all, avoid depicting the hero's state of mind; you ought to try to make it clear from the hero's actions. It is not necessary to portray many active figures.
Act One[ edit ] The play opens at Christmas time as Nora Helmer enters her home carrying many packages. He playfully rebukes her for spending so much money on Christmas gifts, calling her his "little squirrel.
This year Torvald is due a promotion at the bank where he works, so Nora feels that they can let themselves go a little.
The maid announces two visitors: Rank, a close friend of the family, who is let into the study.
Kristine has had a difficult few years, ever since her husband died leaving her with no money or children. Nora says that things have not been easy for them either: Torvald became sick, and they had to travel to Italy so he could recover.
Kristine explains that when her mother was ill she had to take care of her brothers, but now that they are grown she feels her life is "unspeakably empty. Kristine gently tells Nora that she is like a child.
Over the years, she has been secretly working and saving up to pay it off. Nora is clearly uneasy when she sees him. Rank leaves the study and mentions that he feels wretched, though like everyone he wants to go on living.
In contrast to his physical illness, he says that the man in the study, Krogstad, is "morally diseased. Nora asks him if he can give Kristine a position at the bank and Torvald is very positive, saying that this is a fortunate moment, as a position has just become available.
Torvald, Kristine, and Dr. Rank leave the house, leaving Nora alone. The nanny returns with the children and Nora plays with them for a while until Krogstad creeps into the living room and surprises her. Krogstad tells Nora that Torvald intends to fire him at the bank and asks her to intercede with Torvald to allow him to keep his job.
Krogstad leaves and when Torvald returns, Nora tries to convince him not to fire Krogstad.
Torvald refuses to hear her pleas, explaining that Krogstad is a liar and a hypocrite and that he committed a terrible crime: Torvald feels physically ill in the presence of a man "poisoning his own children with lies and dissimulation. Torvald returns from the bank, and Nora pleads with him to reinstate Krogstad, claiming she is worried Krogstad will publish libelous articles about Torvald and ruin his career.
Torvald dismisses her fears and explains that, although Krogstad is a good worker and seems to have turned his life around, he must be fired because he is not deferential enough to Torvald in front of other bank personnel.
Torvald then retires to his study to work. Rank, the family friend, arrives. Nora asks him for a favor, but Rank responds by revealing that he has entered the terminal stage of tuberculosis of the spine and that he has always been secretly in love with her. Nora tries to deny the first revelation and make light of it but is more disturbed by his declaration of love.(Hendrik Ibsen’s ‘A Doll’s House) The influences behind, and overall aims of, Naturalistic theatre.
At first, it is necessary to mention that all the terms which are connected to ‘Naturalistic theatre’ in this paper are used in the meaning they had in the 19th century. schwenkreis.com's- A Doll's House Reader - Response approach to Texts Marxist & Feminist Reading- A Doll's House A Doll's House- Naturalism in Drama.
I tend to refer A Doll’s House in my teaching as realistic in terms of style, but as you have pointed out there are aspects of the sordid reality of the content common in many naturalistic plays in its plot, also.
I think it is fine to consider it as having characteristics of both movements/styles. I tend to refer A Doll’s House in my teaching as realistic in terms of style, but as you have pointed out there are aspects of the sordid reality of the content common in many naturalistic plays in its plot, also.
I think it is fine to consider it as having characteristics of both movements/styles. In Ibsen’s A Doll’s House we can easily conclude that the content is Naturalistic by, first, looking at the monologues and dialogues.
For example, the way Nora speaks when she addresses Torvald is different than when she speaks with other characters. A Dolls House, Drama Analysis, Realism and Naturalism Topic B: Character Nora Helmer frolics about in the first act, behaves desperately in the second, and gains a stark sense of reality during the finale of Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House.