A history of the french and indian war in the american colonies

The French had also been active on the Ohio and had opened a line of communication from Lake Erie to the Forks. The rivals clashed on the Monongahela, and Washington was forced to surrender and retreat.

A history of the french and indian war in the american colonies

The battles and events that took place were often strategically planned with the hopes of gaining more control over a region, getting access to supplies and outmaneuvering the enemy all while trying to avoid as many casualties and military defeats as possible.

These strategies were also influenced by the geography of the regionwhich often affected the outcome of the battles. Both sides had their own ideas on how to accomplish these goals and the strategies they used have been widely studied, scrutinized and even recreated.

In fact, numerous Revolutionary War strategy games are based on these very strategies and some types of battle reenactments, such as tactical battles or tactical events, use these strategies to try to defeat their opponents in recreations of the Revolutionary War battles.

The following is an overview of the strategies used in the Revolutionary War: British strategy changed throughout the course of the war as the British came up against more obstacles and challenges than they anticipated.

The British strategy at the beginning of the war was simply to contain the American Revolution in Massachusetts and prevent it from spreading. This proved difficult though when the British suffered devastating casualties at the Battle of Bunker Hill in June of during the Siege of Boston.

When powder for the cannons finally arrived on March 2, the Americans began firing on Boston. When the British saw the cannons on Dorchester Heights, they made an attempt to attack the heights but were thwarted by a storm.

The new British strategy at this point was to capture New York City and use it as a base of operations. The British successfully captured New York on September 15, and launched the next phase of the plan in This plan was to isolate New England, which was the heart of the rebellion, from the rest of the colonies by marching three British armies simultaneously from New York City, Montreal and Fort Oswego to meet in Albany and take control of the Hudson River, which formed a natural barrier along the western edge of New England.

But the defeat at Saratoga and the entry of France into the war early in led to a changed strategy of increasing reliance on Crown supporters in the colonies. Leger led troops down from the Mohawk Valley to upstate New York. It all went awry when General Howe, for reasons unknown, decided to take a detour and led his troops to Philadelphia instead, where the seat of the Continental Congress was located, and captured the city.

Realizing that a battle was brewing, Washington sent troops north and called for the militia to join them, which resulted in a large contingent of American troops and militia in the Saratoga area.

This resulted in the Battle of Saratoga on September 19, which was a devastating loss for the British, who lost two soldiers for every one on the American side.

A second battle, the Battle of Bernis Heights, took place on October 7 when Burgoyne tried to break free from the colonial forces surrounding them but was defeated. The defeat forced Burgoyne to withdraw his troops and surrender on October 17, Many historians consider these battles to be a major turning point in the Revolutionary War because these American military victories prompted France to join the war and support the patriot cause, which turned the conflict into a global war rather than a colonial rebellion.

As a result of their military losses and the French joining the conflict, the British decided to revisit the plan they had proposed earlier in the war, which was to focus their efforts on the loyalists in the Southern colonies in Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia.

After turning their attention to the South, the British soon had a number of military successes, such as their occupation of Savannah, Georgia in late and Charleston, South Carolina in May of and their victory at the Battle of Camden in South Carolina in But despite their modest success there, the British greatly overestimated loyalist sentiment in the South and their military presence there prompted many southern colonists who had been on the fence about the war to side with the patriots.

The British also struggled with getting access to their supply ships when they were fighting further inland. The patriots had easy access to their supplies and could also blend in among the general population. An article by Major John A. Ultimately, the lack of sufficient reserve supplies, combined with cautious generalship, insufficient transportation, widespread corruption, and the lack of a coherent strategy to maximize the potential support of British loyalists in the colonies, ensured British failure.

These factors forced the British Army to fight a guerilla war—the only kind of war that the upstart United States could hope to win.There are so many interesting topics in American history and one of these fascinating stories is that of the French and Indian War. This occurred towards the end of the colonial period.

Causes of the French and Indian War. The French and Indian War began over the specific issue of whether the upper Ohio River valley was a part of the British Empire, and therefore open for trade and settlement by Virginians and Pennsylvanians, or part of the French schwenkreis.com this issue loomed an infinitely larger one, however: which national culture was to dominate the heart of North America.

Plus Interactive American History Free Games for Kids. Free Use Clipart. Free Video Clips, Movies. Free Templates for Presentations in PowerPoint format. French Indian War summary: Culminating in the French Indian War, also known as The Seven Years’ War, or sometimes the Great War for the Empire, tensions had their beginning in The English and the French had battled for ownership of North America for years.

It finally culminated in a war involving war on North American soil but also in several continents of the world. The French and Indian War was a major war fought in the American Colonies between and The British gained significant territory in North America . The French and Indian War (–63) pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France, each side supported by military units from the parent country and by American Indian schwenkreis.com the start of the war, the French colonies had a population of roughly 60, settlers, compared with 2 million in the British colonies.

A history of the french and indian war in the american colonies

The outnumbered French particularly depended on the Indians.

American-Indian Wars - HISTORY