An analysis of the truman doctrine and the marshall plan caused the cold war

The Truman Doctrine led to a major change in U. However, our zeal in that achievement sent our soldiers to die in Vietnam and Korea for a seemingly futile cause.

An analysis of the truman doctrine and the marshall plan caused the cold war

Since British assistance to Turkey had ended inthe U. S sent the aircraft carrier Franklin D. The postwar period from started with a " multi-party period " and the Democratic Party government of Adnan Menderes.

This began with a mass killing of largely unarmed EAM supporters known as the Dekemvriana on December 3. The breakdown of Allied cooperation in Germany provided a backdrop of escalating tensions for the Truman Doctrine.

Kennan — proposed the doctrine of containment in In FebruaryKennan, an American diplomat in Moscow, sent his famed " Long Telegram ", which predicted the Soviets would only respond to force and that the best way to handle them would be through a long-term strategy of containment, that is stopping their geographical expansion.

State Department formulated a plan.

The Cold War guilt question

Aid would be given to both Greece and Turkey, to help cool the long-standing rivalry between them. American policy makers recognized the instability of the region, fearing that if Greece was lost to communism, Turkey would not last long.

Similarly, if Turkey yielded to Soviet demands, the position of Greece would be endangered. To pass any legislation Truman needed the support of the Republicanswho controlled both houses of Congress. The chief Republican spokesman Senator Arthur H.

Vandenberg strongly supported Truman and overcame the doubts of isolationists such as Senator Robert A. Acheson laid out the "domino theory" in the starkest terms, comparing a communist state to a rotten apple that could spread its infection to an entire barrel.

Vandenberg was impressed, and advised Truman to appear before Congress and "scare the hell out of the American people. In his eighteen-minute speech, he stated: I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.

I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way.

An analysis of the truman doctrine and the marshall plan caused the cold war

I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes. In the words of historian James T. Patterson"The Truman Doctrine was a highly publicized commitment of a sort the administration had not previously undertaken.

It was in these ways a major step. It brought nation-building activities and modernization programs to the forefront of foreign policy. Truman used disease imagery not only to communicate a sense of impending disaster in the spread of communism but also to create a "rhetorical vision" of containing it by extending a protective shield around non-communist countries throughout the world.

Roosevelthad sought to impose to contain German and Japanese expansion in "quarantine" suggested the role of public health officials handling an infectious disease. The medical metaphor extended beyond the immediate aims of the Truman Doctrine in that the imagery combined with fire and flood imagery evocative of disaster provided the United States with an easy transition to direct military confrontation in later years with communist forces in Korea and Vietnam.

By framing ideological differences in life or death terms, Truman was able to garner support for this communism-containing policy.I believe to partial extent that the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan caused the Cold War.

Both documents made interference in Europe and other Both documents made interference in Europe and other/5(1). President Harry Truman signed the Marshall Plan on April 3, , granting $5 billion in aid to 16 European nations.

insurgency threatening Greece, and Britain financially unable to continue its aid, the President announced his Truman Doctrine on March 12 further escalating the Cold War with the USSR. Truman signed the Economic. In many ways, the Cold War began even before the guns fell silent in Germany and in the Pacific in Suspicion and mistrust had defined U.S.-Soviet relations for decades and resurfaced as soon as the alliance against Adolf Hitler was no longer necessary.

Competing ideologies and visions of the. The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. The first step was the “Truman Doctrine” of March , which reflected the combativeness of President Harry Truman.

Truman wanted to “scare the hell” out of Congress.


The Truman Doctrine was a key part of the Cold War, both in how this conflict of posturing and puppets began, and how it developed over the years. The doctrine was policy to "support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures," and announced on.

The Marshall Plan caused the Cold War to become a reality in the lives of the people of the countries involved. The Cold War Introduction - Background - Strategy - Truman Doctrine - Marshall Plan - Berlin Blockade - Korean War - Hungarian Uprising - Cuban Missile Crisis - USSR under Gorbachev - USA under Reagan - Arms Race - Space Race.

Truman Doctrine/ Marshall Plan