In this section a brief introduction to the system is given. The Costa Rican healthcare system is paid for by mandatory contributions made by employers and employees. The Costa Rican health system includes Medical Treatment illness and maternity and Obligatory Pension disability, old age and death. It is possible to take a private insurance or health plan as well.
Within three months, 25 million numbers were issued. On December 1,as part of the publicity campaign for the new program, Joseph L. Fay of the Social Security Administration selected a record from the top of the first stack of 1, records and announced that the first Social Security number in history was assigned to John David Sweeney, Jr.
During the first year of the Tax Reform Act, this anti-fraud change resulted in seven million fewer minor dependents being claimed.
The disappearance of these dependents is believed to have involved either children who never existed or tax deductions improperly claimed by non-custodial parents. It has since come to be used as an identifier for individuals within the United States, although rare errors occur where duplicates do exist.
As numbers are now assigned by the central issuing office of the SSA, it is unlikely that duplication will ever occur again. A few duplications did occur when prenumbered cards were sent out to regional SSA offices and originally Post Offices.
Employee, patient, student, and credit records are sometimes indexed by Social Security number. Armed Forces has used the Social Security number as an identification number for Army and Air Force personnel since July 1,the Navy and Marine Corps for their personnel since January 1,and the Coast Guard for their personnel since October 1, However, a social security number is required for parents to claim their children as dependents for federal income tax purposes,  and the Internal Revenue Service requires all corporations to obtain SSNs or alternative identifying numbers from their employees, as described below.
The Old Order Amish have fought to prevent universal Social Security by overturning rules such as a requirement to provide a Social Security number for a hunting license.
All it does is confirm that a particular number has been issued to a particular name. Use required for federal tax purposes[ edit ] Internal Revenue Code section d provides: Any person required under the authority of this title to make a return, statement, or other document shall include in such return, statement, or other document such identifying number as may be prescribed for securing proper identification of such person.
Furnishing number to other persons: Any person with respect to whom a return, statement, or other document is required under the authority of this title to be made by another person or whose identifying number is required to be shown on a return of another person shall furnish to such other person such identifying number as may be prescribed for securing his proper identification.
Treasury regulations, any person who, after October 31,works as an employee for wages subject to Social Security taxes, Medicare taxes, or U. Such cards are issued to U.
There are also two restricted types of Social Security cards: One reads "not valid for employment. The other reads "valid for work only with DHS authorization", or the older, "valid for work only with INS authorization. They can satisfy the I-9 requirement, if they are accompanied by a work authorization card.
Many citizens and privacy advocates are concerned about the disclosure and processing of Social Security numbers.
Furthermore, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have demonstrated an algorithm that uses publicly available personal information to reconstruct a given SSN. Financial institutions generally require an SSN to set up bank accountscredit cardsand loans—partly because they assume that no one except the person it was issued to knows it.
Exacerbating the problem of using the Social Security number as an identifier is the fact that the Social Security card contains no biometric identifiers of any sort, making it essentially impossible to tell whether a person using a certain SSN truly belongs to someone without relying on other documentation which may itself have been falsely procured through use of the fraudulent SSN.
Congress has proposed federal laws that restrict the use of SSNs for identification and bans their use for a number of commercial purposes—e. Day care services have tax benefits, and even a sole proprietor should give parents an EIN employer identification number to use on their tax return.
The Social Security Administration has suggested that, if asked to provide his or her Social Security number, a citizen should ask which law requires its use.
In the event of duplicates having been issued. In cases where the person has been a victim of domestic violence or harassment, and there is a clear need to change their number for their personal safety. Where a person has a demonstrable religious objection to a number such as certain Christians being averse to the number For all of these conditions, credible third-party evidence such as a restraining order or police report, is required.
It eliminated the geographical significance of the first three digits of the SSN, referred to as the area number, by no longer allocating specific numbers by state for assignment to individuals.
|History of Social Security in the United States - Wikipedia||This projected cost is then projected to remain roughly level for the next 60 years, as shown in the chart below.|
|History of Social Security in the United States - Wikipedia||Roosevelt, made some attempt to assess the enormous damage:|
|Some believed that benefits to individuals should be funded by contributions that they themselves had made over the course of their careers.|
It eliminated the significance of the highest group number assigned for each area number, and, as a result, the High Group List is frozen in time and can be used for validation of only those SSNs issued prior to the randomization implementation date see section "Valid SSNs". Previously unassigned area numbers have been introduced for assignment, excluding area numbersand — Historical structure[ edit ] Prior to the randomization process, the first three digits or area number were assigned by geographical region.
Prior tocards were issued in local Social Security offices around the country and the area number represented the office code where the card was issued.
This did not necessarily have to be in the area where the applicant lived, since a person could apply for their card in any Social Security office. Beginning inwhen the SSA began assigning SSNs and issuing cards centrally from Baltimorethe area number was assigned based on the ZIP Code in the mailing address provided on the application for the original Social Security card.
Thus, the area number did not necessarily represent the state of residence of the applicant regardless of whether the card was issued prior to, or after, Generally, numbers were assigned beginning in the northeast and moving south and westward, so that people applying from addresses on the east coast had the lowest numbers and those on the west coast had the highest numbers.
As the areas assigned to a locality were exhausted, new areas from the pool were assigned, so some states had noncontiguous groups of numbers. The middle two digits or group number range from 01 to In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to U.S.
citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents under section (c)(2) of the Social Security Act, codified schwenkreis.com number is issued to an individual by the Social Security Administration, an independent agency of the United States .
Social Problems Paper Masters shows you how to write a research paper on any social problem subject using the topics you see on this web site. The Reflective Paper should demonstrate understanding of the reading assignments as well as . The National Commission on Social Security Reform, chaired by Alan Greenspan, was created to address the crisis.
The National Commission on Social Security Reform (NCSSR), chaired by Alan Greenspan, was empaneled to investigate the long-run solvency of Social Security. (MoneyWatch) In spite of reports you might read in the media, Social Security's funding challenges aren't caused by people living longer, the way the federal programs' Trust Fund is invested or by.
The Costa Rican Social Security Bureau (Caja Costarricense de Seguridad Social, CCSS in Spanish) is a public institution that manages the national healthcare system .
Although Social Security did not really arrive in America until , there was one important precursor, that offered something we could recognize as a social security program, to one special segment of the American population.