Architecture term papers

Architecture is the art of planning and construction of complex buildings and the discipline which studies all the methods, techniques and ways of building. Architecture plays an extremely important role in the culture of every country, because very often the traditions, customs and perception of the world are reflected in the design of the temples, public houses and private buildings. It is very easy to detect the country just looking at the photo of a house, because every country has its own traditional design and style of building.

Architecture term papers

Architecture term papers Disclaimer: Free essays on Architecture posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only.

The free Architecture research paper Architecture essay presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. There are many different types of architecture, but they all eventually trace back to the Greeks and Romans.

The Greek s roots lie in the Aegean civilization; nevertheless its particular characteristics have made it one of the most established influences in Western architecture.

One of the most important and famous examples of Greek architecture is the Parthenon located on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. Greek architecture is usually broken up into four different periods: Architecture of the Geometric and Orientalizing periods had more of a simple structure customarily made of mud brick and rubble.

The plan of temples during this period was similar to that of the houses which evolved from circular to horseshoe like shapes and eventually rectangular. They were generally built on an east-west axis Architecture term papers an entrance and a columned porch at one end.

In rectangular temples, the two side walls projected beyond the front wall to form a Architecture term papers.

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In the rooms, a single row of wooden columns along the main axis supported the wooden beams of the gable roof. This style was later replaced with two rows of columns because it shadowed the image of divinity.

During the Archaic period Greek society grew not only geographically, but also economically. This expansion led to the development of formal architecture and the use of marble and limestone.

In the 7th century the Greeks started to build stone temples after the Egyptians, but in their own distinctive style.

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The temples were rectangular and stood on a low, stepped terrace in an enclosure, which was where their rituals took place.

The smaller temples had a two-columned front porch occasionally with a portico in front of it. The large temples had front and back porches and sometimes it wold have a six-columned portico in front of each porch or else it would be surrounded by a colonnade.

This colonnade was supported by a lintel under the roof. At this period architects developed two orders or styles of columns called Doric and Ionic. The Doric type columns are shorter and thicker.

They had no bases and their capitals were made up of a square slab over a round cushion shape. These capitals were extremely heavy and spaced quite close in order to support the masonry.

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Their weight was distributed by the tapered and fluted shaft. Over every column vertical triglyphs were carved and between them were the metopes, which were painted at first, but later they were filled with painted reliefs. The Doric order predominated on mainland Greece and later spread to Western colonies.

Columns in the Ionic style were derived from the cities on the islands and the coasts of Asia Minor. Therefore it featured capitals with spiral volutes, a more narrow shaft with fairly dissimilar fluting and an intricate and curvilinear base. The Classical period consists of three parts, the earlier period, the middle period and the late period.

The Early Classical period began after the Persian invasion and Greek victory, which stimulated much activity in architecture due to the large amount of destruction.

Athens, the dominant political and economic power was especially effected. Most of the temples were in the Doric style, but drifting away from the heavy proportions of the Archaic Doric style.

The Middle Classical period emerged during the 5th century BC. Architects began refining their work in order to counteract the obvious distortions of perspective. The temple terrace was now curved upwards in the center, the taper of the columns were made convex, the axes of columns were inclined inward and vertical lines were tilted either inward or outward.

The Parthenon, one of the most important temples, was built during this period. The Parthenon was meant to symbolize the power of the Athenian Empire and in particular that of Perikles, a politician who promoted its construction.

It functioned as a place of worship for almost years until AD when the temple was exploded during the Turk and Venetian war. The Greek temples were thought to have an economic function as a bank which guarded to treasures for the gods.A lot of papers have been written on such subject as architechture, and that is why it will be really complicated to impress with something new.

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A lot of papers have been written on such subject as architechture, and that is why it will be really complicated to impress with something new.

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Architecture term papers

Architecture is a varied discipline with many options available such as landscape architecture, naval architecture, religious architecture, modern architecture etc. When designing and erecting a building, architects must consider issues of safety, economy, suitability, eye appeal, and functionality.

Research Papers words ( pages) Victorian Architecture Essay - Victorian Architecture During the Victorian period, there was a revival of classical (Greek and Roman), Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture.

In this paper, we describe an FPGA H/AVC encoder architecture performing at real-time. To reduce the critical path length and to increase throughput, the encoder uses a parallel and pipeline architecture and all modules have .

Term Papers words | ( pages) | Preview The History of Gothic Architecture in Italy - Abbott Suger wanted to make Saint Denis a magnificent showplace as the royal Abbey church of France and burial place of French kings.

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