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Green holds that the parthenon was the room in which the peplos presented to Athena at the Panathenaic Festival was woven by the arrephoroia group of four young girls chosen to serve Athena each year. In 5th-century building accounts, the structure is simply called ho naos "the temple".
The architects Iktinos and Callicrates are said to have called the building Hekatompedos "the hundred footer" in their lost treatise on Athenian architecture,  and, in the 4th century and later, the building was referred to as the Hekatompedos or the Hekatompedon as well as the Parthenon; the 1st-century-AD writer Plutarch referred to the building as the Hekatompedos Parthenon.
Older Parthenon The first endeavour to build a sanctuary for Athena Parthenos on the site of the present Parthenon was begun shortly after the Battle of Marathon c. This building replaced a hekatompedon meaning "hundred-footer" and would Edit footer content thesis stood beside the archaic temple dedicated to Athena Polias "of the city".
Further physical evidence of this structure was revealed with the excavations of Panagiotis Kavvadias of — This platform was smaller and slightly to the north of the final Parthenon, indicating that it was built for a wholly different building, now completely covered over.
This picture was somewhat complicated by the publication of the final report on the —90 excavations, indicating that the substructure was contemporary with the Kimonian walls, and implying a later date for the first temple.
One difficulty in dating the proto-Parthenon is that at the time of the excavation the archaeological method of seriation was not fully developed; the careless digging and refilling of the site led to a loss of much valuable information.
An attempt to discuss and make sense of the potsherds found on the Acropolis came with the two-volume study by Graef and Langlotz published in — Parthenon today and as it probably appeared in ancient times In the mid-5th century BC, when the Athenian Acropolis became the seat of the Delian League and Athens was the greatest cultural centre of its time, Pericles initiated an ambitious building project that lasted the entire second half of the century.
The most important buildings visible on the Acropolis today — the Parthenon, the Propylaiathe Erechtheion and the temple of Athena Nike — were erected during this period.
The Parthenon was built under the general supervision of the artist Phidiaswho also had charge of the sculptural decoration. Architecture[ edit ] Floor plan of the Parthenon The Parthenon is a peripteral octastyle Doric temple with Ionic architectural features.
It stands on a platform or stylobate of three steps. In common with other Greek temples, it is of post and lintel construction and is surrounded by columns "peripteral" carrying an entablature. There are eight columns at either end "octastyle" and seventeen on the sides.
There is a double row of columns at either end. The colonnade surrounds an inner masonry structure, the cellawhich is divided into two compartments.
At either end of the building the gable is finished with a triangular pediment originally occupied by sculpted figures. The columns are of the Doric orderwith simple capitals, fluted shafts and no bases. Above the architrave of the entablature is a frieze of carved pictorial panels metopesseparated by formal architectural triglyphstypical of the Doric order.
Around the cella and across the lintels of the inner columns runs a continuous sculptured frieze in low relief. This element of the architecture is Ionic in style rather than Doric.
The cella was On the exterior, the Doric columns measure 1. The corner columns are slightly larger in diameter. The Parthenon had 46 outer columns and 23 inner columns in total, each column containing 20 flutes. A flute is the concave shaft carved into the column form.
The roof was covered with large overlapping marble tiles known as imbrices and tegulae. The temple, wrote John Julius Cooper"enjoys the reputation of being the most perfect Doric temple ever built.From the Footer Design Menu, choose Page Number, Bottom of Page, Plain Number 2 (centered) and, if another paragraph marker appears in the footer (turn on Show/Hide--the button from the Home Ribbon, Paragraph section), delete it.
The Parthenon (/ ˈ p ɑːr θ ə ˌ n ɒ n, -n ən /; Ancient Greek: Παρθενών; Greek: Παρθενώνας, Parthenónas) is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron.
Construction began in BC when the Athenian Empire was at the peak of its power. It was completed in BC, although. If the text you want to have in the header or footer is in the body of the document, you can use a StyleRef field to display that in the associated header or footer.
Photo provided by Flickr The element represents a multiline plain text edit . Submissions. PLEASE SEND ALL SUBMISSIONS TO: [email protected] Atlas Poetica is a literary journal published several times a year in an ″ x 11″ perfect bound print version, e-book version, and online on the World Wide Web.
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