Doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results. It is incredibly precious, vastly diverse in its scope, and without judgement or prejudice — it just happens.
In the field of film criticism, a film-maker's intentionally unspoken visual reference to another film is also called an homage. It may even be sensed that real events have allusive overtones, when a previous event is inescapably recalled by a current one.
Allusion is an economical device, a figure of speech that uses a relatively short space to draw upon the ready stock of ideas, cultural memes or emotion already associated with a topic.
Thus, an allusion Great allusion understandable only to those with prior knowledge of the covert reference in question, a mark of their cultural literacy.
Ted Cohen finds such a "cultivation of intimacy" to be an essential element of many jokes. William Irwin remarks that allusion moves in only one direction: The Bible does not allude to Shakespeare, though Shakespeare may allude Great allusion the Bible.
Allusion differs from the similar term intertextuality in that it is an intentional effort on the author's part. Allusions may be made increasingly obscure, until at last they are understood by the author alone, who thereby retreats into a private language e.
Academic analysis of the concept of allusions[ edit ] In discussing the richly allusive poetry of Virgil 's GeorgicsR. Thomas  distinguished six categories of allusive reference, which are applicable to a wider cultural sphere.
Casual Reference, "the use of language which recalls a specific antecedent, but only in a general sense" that is relatively unimportant to the new context; Single Reference, in which the hearer or reader is intended to "recall the context of the model and apply that context to the new situation"; such a specific single reference in Virgil, according to Thomas, is a means of "making connections or conveying ideas on a level of intense subtlety"; Self-Reference, where the locus is in the poet's own work; Corrective Allusion, where the imitation is clearly in opposition to the original source's intentions; Apparent Reference "which seems clearly to recall a specific model but which on closer inspection frustrates that intention"; and Multiple Reference or Conflation, which refers in various ways simultaneously to several sources, fusing and transforming the cultural traditions.
Examples[ edit ] In Homerbrief allusions could be made to mythic themes of generations previous to the main narrative because they were already familiar to the epic's hearers: In Hellenistic Alexandria, literary culture and a fixed literary canon known to readers and hearers made a densely allusive poetry effective; the poems of Callimachus offer the best-known examples.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
King's allusion effectively called up parallels in two historic moments without overwhelming his speech with details. A sobriquet is an allusion. By metonymy one aspect of a person or other referent is selected to identify it, and it is this shared aspect that makes a sobriquet evocative: God commanded Lot and his family not to look back as they fled.
Lot's wife disobeyed and looked back, and she was immediately turned into a pillar of salt as punishment for her disobedience. An allusion to Lot's wife or to a pillar of salt is usually a reference to someone who unwisely chooses to look back once he or she has begun on a course of action or to someone who disobeys an explicit rule or command.
Cassandra[ edit ] In Greek mythologyCassandrathe daughter of Trojan king Priamwas loved by Apollowho gave her the gift of prophecy.
When Cassandra later angered Apollo, he altered the gift so that her prophecies, while true, would not be believed. Thus, her accurate warnings to the Trojans were disregarded, and disaster befell them.
Today, a "Cassandra" refers to someone who predicts disasters or negative results, especially to someone whose predictions are disregarded. Catch[ edit ] This phrase comes from a novel by Joseph Heller.
Catch is set on a U. However, anyone who does not want to fly dangerous missions is obviously sane, thus, there is no way to avoid flying the missions.
Later in the book the old woman in Rome explains that Catch means "They can do whatever they want to do.Analysis: Allusions. BACK; NEXT ; When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.
Learn allusions in great expectations with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of allusions in great expectations flashcards on Quizlet. Feb 05, · Reacting against the insider trading characteristic of so much 20th- and 21st-century literature in the wake of modernism, some students refuse allusion altogether.
Allusion is a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. It does not describe in detail the person or thing to which it refers.
Community Reviews. The Great Illusion, also known as Europe's Optical Illusion, is one of the seminal texts of the idealist/liberal school of thought in the discipline of International Relations - which, incidentally, did not exist when Angell first published the book/5.
Allusions are a useful literary tool as they can convey a great deal of information in just a few words. However, because allusions make reference to something other than what is directly being discussed, you may fail to understand it if you do not know the underlying event, tale or other reference point.