How to write a conclusion for a literature review

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How to write a conclusion for a literature review

Recent studies have challenged that view and suggested that while somatic activity near the DBS electrode may be suppressed, high frequency stimulation increases and regularizes the output from the stimulated nucleus by directly activating axons of local projection neurons.

It now appears that suprathreshold currents spreading into regions comprised of axonal fibers passing near or through the target structure as well as surrounding nuclei may also contribute to the beneficial effects of DBS.

Together, the stimulation-induced regularization of neuronal output patterns are thought to prevent transmission of pathologic bursting and oscillatory activity within the basal ganglia thalamocortical network, thereby enabling compensatory mechanisms that facilitate normal movements.

This theory, however, does not entirely explain why therapeutic latencies differ between motor symptoms and why after turning off a DBS system the reemergence of motor symptoms differs among patients. Understanding these processes on a physiological level will be critically important if we are to reach the full potential of DBS as a surgical therapy and will in turn undoubtedly lead us to technological and clinical advancements in the treatment of other neurological disorders.

Critique in Conclusion of Paper — there are two organizational patterns 1 — The first paragraph is summary, second paragraph is critique, third paragraph is recommendations note: Conclusions In summary, during the normal ageing process, animals experience age-related cognitive decline.

Historically, it was thought that primary contributions to the aetiology of this decline were massive cell loss 1 and deterioration of dendritic branching 17, However, we now know that the changes occurring during normal ageing are more subtle and selective than was once believed.

Of the brain regions affected by ageing, the hippocampus and the PFC seem to be particularly vulnerable, but even within and between these regions the impact of ageing on neuronal function can differ. The morphology of neurons in the PFC is more susceptible to age-related change, as these cells show a decrease in dendritic branching in rats 30, 31 and humans 32, There is also evidence of a small but significant decline in cell number in area 8A of monkeys that is correlated with working memory impairments Moreover, so far, there are no reports of multiple single unit recordings in the PFC of awake behaving animals.

More is known about the impact of ageing on hippocampal function. Because more is known about the neurobiology of ageing in this brain region, there are therapeutic approaches on the horizon that might modify hippocampal neurobiology and slow age-related cognitive decline or partially restore mechanisms of plasticity.

Considering that the average lifespan is increasing worldwide, understanding the brain mechanisms that are responsible for age-related cognitive impairment, and finding therapeutic agents that might curb this decline, becomes increasingly important.

The number and order of paragraphs parallels the number and order of main topical sections of the paper.

First, there are a sufficient number of studies in some areas despite claims often heard about the lack of evidence for CAM. Second, research findings for some of the CAM therapies reviewed here have demonstrated consistent beneficial outcomes for patients with arthritis and related diseases.

How to write a conclusion for a literature review

Specifically, there is moderate support for acupuncture in reducing pain as compared with sham acupuncture and limited support for acupuncture as compared with a wait list for OA of the knee. However, no claims can be made for the superiority of acupuncture across locations of OA and across comparison groups.

Further, only limited support exists for the efficacy of acupuncture for FMS with the caveat that acupuncture may actually exacerbate the pain for some patients with FMS.The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion.

It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one. For further information see our handouts on Writing a Critical Review of a Nonfiction Book or Article or Reading a Book to Review It.

To learn more about literature reviews, take a look at our workshop on Writing Literature Reviews of Published Research. Sample Literature Review Conclusion #1 ONLUSIONS The purpose of this review was to view the trends in composition studies within the past forty years and see how commentary on student writing has changed and is still changing.

Learn how to write a review of literature. Writing the conclusion; What is a review of literature? The format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment. A review may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research.

The conclusion is the most important part of the whole review which prompts many scholars to seek help on how to conclude a literature review.

For one to correctly write a literature review conclusion, it is important to understand the layout and also the structure of the literature review conclusion. How to Write a Literature Review: Conclusion Prompts A literature review is a particular type of academically written paper that gives an overview about a published material.

How to write a conclusion for a literature review

This published material can be any source like a book, a dissertation, thesis or a research paper.

Science Thesis Writing Review Conclusions