With a current estimated 1. The solution the Chinese government came up with was called the One-Child Policy, where a couple is only entitled to have one child.
Excerpt from Research Paper: China's One Child Policy Historically, it is noted that Mao Zedong, once a China president encouraged population growth which saw the population of China almost double during that period of his leadership.
This led to overpopulation and the stretching of the social amenities and most importantly the economy. In order to address this challenge, the one -- child policy was introduced in China.
This is a policy which forbids any family from having more than one child especially in the urban areas. This was a rule that was established under the watch of Deng Xiaoping in as a temporary measure to the challenge of overpopulation, albeit more than four decades down the line, the policy still is in enforcement and there are no signs of it beings scrapped from the legislation of China Matt Rosenberg, There were punitive measures that are put in place in order to enforce this directive.
Parents with multiple children are denied some benefits and bonuses at their places of work. The wealthy families at time have to pay the government in order to be allowed to have a second child or even more.
There are however, some exemptions to the one-child policy and these couples who are permanently residing at the rural areas, couples that are from the ethnic minorities and parents who are without siblings.
There are also a few other cases of exemptions that can be approved like in the case where the first child has some permanent disability or mental illness. There were also recent exemptions in the case of Sichuan earthquake in One child policy china term papers the exemption was announced in Sichuan province to the parents who had lost their children in the earthquake.
There are also such exemptions that have been passed for parents who had lost their children Andrew Jacobs, There are also exemptions passed for specific administrative regions of Hong Kong as well as Macau, the other lot that are exempt from this rule the foreigners living in China and those Chinese who had children while living outside China as long as these children to no acquire the China citizenship.
The policy was primarily aimed at the first-born children in the year and was purposed to check against the social degradation, economic problems and environmental challenges that China faced at that time.
So far, the officials in China estimate that the policy has helped avoid million births from the time of implementation to the year Jeffrey Hays, This is the equivalent of the population of Europe and as they say, this prevention of the births has helped to a great extent pull China out of poverty and made people's lives better.
The one child policy in China can be noted to have bee spectacularly successful in many aspects as there has never been achieved the rate of decline in fertility rates anywhere else in a predominantly peasant communities as has been realized in china within that short period of time.
Social costs of the policy The policy is as controversial as the implementation of it. There have been concerns from time immemorial of the negative social implications that the policy may have. This policy has firstly caused a lot of disdain for the female infants since many preferred to have male children who will marry and in the process expand the family.
This disdain has led to other fat reaching actions like abortion upon knowing the sex of the infant, neglect after birth, abandonment of newborn baby girls and even infanticides have been noted to occur among the female infants Gendercide Watch, This draconian rule has also resulted into an artificial tilting of the ratios of the male to females in China.
It is estimated that there are males for every females; this is against the normal trend where there are usually males naturally born fir every population of females. This lopsided ration is exacerbated by the selective female infants abortion that has been occasioned by the one-child policy imposed on the people of China.
However this might soon change as the urbanization has made matters better since many urban women do not have a preference for any sex for their yet to be infants and would accommodate any gender BMJ Publishing Group, It is worth noting that the other negative effect of the policy is the unrest that the forced abortion that women without permission are forced to undergo.
This was widely experienced widely in in the southwestern Guangxi Autonomous Region of China, where the supervising officials or the population control officials may have been killed.
This policy has also led to the undue harassment of women who have transcended the boundary and gotten pregnant with a second child. Incase the mother goes in hiding, the relatives are usually arrested and detained at times tortured till the woman surrenders to the officials.
This is a system that punishes even the parties that are not directly concerned with the so alleged 'crime' with total disregard for the dependants that they have left at home Jeffrey Hays, This policy is also known to deny the couples that had the desire to have more than one child the opportunity to do so.
This was more pronounced in the rural areas where this discontent with the policy raised so much trouble in the rural China that the government had to concede grounds in the rural areas and allow the possibility of having two children.
The low birth rate worked for the economy of China at first, but as at now, the economists are projecting that this may work against the country in the nest five years or so, since the labor supply is now leveling off and is expected to start shrinking in the next five years with the population of the dependent elderly increasing each day.View this term paper on One Child Policy in China.
Button G China's One-Child Policy and the Population Explosion Indian Journal of Economics and Business Term Paper One Child Policy in China and 90,+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers.
China’s One Child Policy 1: The main reason that the one child policy was introduced was that the population of China was growing far too quickly. Data suggests that the one child policy has reduced China’s population by around million, a huge amount.
One Child Policy in China. China is a land that contains an overpopulation crisis. With a current estimated billion people living in China, something needed to be done in order to lower the birth rates and control the fast growing population.
The solution the Chinese government came up with was the one child policy/5(1). The One Child Policy proved to be successful in reducing population size. [tags: China's One Child Policy ] Term Papers words ( pages) China's One Child Policy Essay - Introduction It is the responsibility of any government to provide for its population.
It is due to this reason that family planning is becoming a major controversial. One-Child Policy in China Fancheng Wang Professor Steven Cassedy MMW 22 A10 March 16, One-child Policy in China China’s one-child policy, one of the most controversial policies, has been intensely changing China’s social structure since The One Child Policy in China - In , China decided to establish a one child policy which states that couples are only allowed to have one child, unless they meet certain exceptions.In order to understand what social impacts the one child policy has created in China it .