Pseudoscience vs science

Pseudoscience is fake science, a collection of assertions that do not satisfy the requirements and practices of true science.

Pseudoscience vs science

The word "pseudo" means fake. The surest way to spot a fake is to know as much as possible about the real thing—in this case, about science itself.

Pseudoscience vs science

Knowing science does not mean simply knowing scientific facts such as the distance from earth to sun, the age of the earth, the distinction between mammal and reptile, etc.

It means understanding the nature of science—the criteria of evidence, the design of meaningful experiments, the weighing of possibilities, the testing of hypotheses, the establishment of theories, the many aspects of scientific methods that make it possible to draw reliable conclusions about the physical universe.

Because the media bombard us with nonsense, it is useful to consider the earmarks of pseudoscience. The presence of even one of these should arouse great suspicion.

On the other hand, material displaying none of these flaws might still be pseudoscience, because its adherents invent Pseudoscience vs science ways to fool themselves every day. Most of the examples in this article are related to my field of physics, but similar beliefs and behavior are associated with iridology, medical astrology, meridian therapy, reflexology, subluxation-based chiropractic, therapeutic touch, and other health-related pseudosciences.

Pseudoscience displays an indifference to facts. Instead of bothering to consult reference works or investigating directly, its advocates simply spout bogus "facts" where needed. Moreover, pseudoscientists rarely revise.

The first edition of a pseudoscience book is almost always the last, even though the book remains in print for decades or even centuries. Even books with obvious mistakes, errors, and misprints on every page may be reprinted as is, over and over. Compare this to science textbooks that see a new edition every few years because of the rapid accumulation of new facts and insights.

Pseudoscience "research" is invariably sloppy. Pseudoscientists clip newspaper reports, collect hearsay, cite other pseudoscience books, and pore over ancient religious or mythological works.

They rarely or never make an independent investigation to check their sources. Pseudoscience begins with a hypothesis—usually one which is appealing emotionally, and spectacularly implausible—and then looks only for items which appear to support it.

Expertise. Insights. Illumination.

Conflicting evidence is ignored. Generally speaking, the aim of pseudoscience is to rationalize strongly held beliefs, rather than to investigate or to test alternative possibilities. Pseudoscience specializes in jumping to "congenial conclusions," grinding ideological axes, appealing to preconceived ideas and to widespread misunderstandings.

Pseudoscience is indifferent to criteria of valid evidence.

Science and Pseudoscience

The emphasis is not on meaningful, controlled, repeatable scientific experiments. Instead it is on unverifiable eyewitness testimony, stories and tall tales, hearsay, rumor, and dubious anecdotes. Genuine scientific literature is either ignored or misinterpreted.

Pseudoscience relies heavily on subjective validation. Joe Blow puts jello on his head and his headache goes away. To pseudoscience, this means jello cures headaches. To science this means nothing, since no experiment was done. A controlled experiment would put many people suffering from headaches in identical circumstances, except for the presence or absence of the remedy it is desired to test, and compare the results which would then have some chance of being meaningful.Distinguishing Science and Pseudoscience Rory Coker, Ph.D.

The word "pseudo" means fake. The surest way to spot a fake is to know as much as possible about the real thing—in this case, about science itself.

Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our . SCIENCE VS.

Pseudoscience vs science

PSEUDOSCIENCE: WHERE IS THE DIFFERENCE? ample, one can draw mystical significance from the fact that one’s car plate number is the same as one’s civic address. But a mo-ment of reflection would easily lead you to conclude that this is simply a coincidence.

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Science and Pseudoscience. [email protected] is a prefix meaning A [email protected] or [email protected] Pseudoscience is fake science, a collection of assertions that do not satisfy the requirements and practices of true science.

The following table shows some of the differences between science and pseudoscience. Jun 10,  · A conflict between "science" and "pseudoscience" is now playing out on the national stage, including in the Huffington Post.

The conversation is long overdue. I speak of the recent flap. The demarcation between science and pseudoscience is part of the larger task of determining which beliefs are epistemically warranted.

This entry clarifies the specific nature of pseudoscience in relation to other categories of non-scientific doctrines and practices, including science denial(ism) and resistance to the facts.

Science and Pseudoscience