The Relationship Between Student Perceptions of Safety and Academic Performance Article School safety has been a topic of concern for educators, parents, and researchers for decades. It is important for students to have a safe learning environment to ensure they have the best possible opportunity to succeed academically.
Originally published as 61 Tenn.
For educational use only. The printed edition remains canonical. For citational use please obtain a back issue from William S. Introduction Predictably, gun violence, particularly homicide, is a major study topic for social scientists, particularly criminologists.
Our focus is the remarkable difference between the way medical and public health writers treat firearms issues and the way social scientists treat those issues.
Examination of the literature produced by medical and health writers reveals why their conclusions on firearms diverge so radically from those of criminological scholarship.
We focus on that literature's anomalies both for their own sake and because that focus allows us to explore some of the more important policy and legal issues of gun control.
This is the case in many European countries. That term could mean no more than noncontroversial measures to prohibit gun misuse or gun possession by high risk groups. In the Violence in public school we are analyzing, however, "guns are not HCI seeks only to ban gun ownership for self-defense, but would allow licensed sportsmen to have both handguns and long guns for purely sporting purposes;  the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence p.
On the contrary, exhortations to "[s]peak out for gun control" are seen as part of an admirable tradition of political advocacy by doctors and other health professionals in support of political measures designed to improve public health.
After all, guns are hateful things for which no decent purpose is imaginable, certainly not self-defense. Arrayed against the beneficent alliance of health advocates and anti-gun political advocates are only sinister "powerful lobbies that impede constructive exploration of the full range of social options"  by nefarious p.
This is a struggle between modern enlightenment and, at best, morally obtuse and intellectually benighted atavism. There is no time for arid, academic discussion; the need for gun control is too urgent to require--or allow--equivocation, doubt, debate, or dissent.
We reason that the time has come for government and citizens to begin a reasoned dialogue on the "why not" of gun ownership. If the conduct of youth [sic] and the need for harmony of humans with Nature is valuable to health and civilization, the world's most powerful country may not find justification for an armed citizenry.
Evidence or perspectives that p. This literature exists in a vacuum of lock-step orthodoxy almost hermetically sealed from the existence of contrary data or scholarship.
Such contrary data and scholarship routinely go unacknowledged; at best, they are evaded by misleading association with the sinister forces of the gun lobby.
If the universe of sources thus circumscribed does not yield appropriate anti-gun data, editorials are cited as data without noting that they are mere expressions of editorial opinion.
Far from concealing or ignoring the potential for bias as health advocates do with anti-gun lobby claims, pro-gun bias is deemed to render pro-gun claims specious per se. Given the urgent needs of political advocacy, academic health sages all too often feel no compunction about asserting falsehoods, fabricating statistics, and falsifying references to counterfeit support for them.
The statement by the president of the American College of Epidemiology is typical when he declares gun ownership the "primary cause" of murder and then calls for research on the subject. Cowan and sociologist David J. Bordua in a panel presentation at the annual p.
First, the literature cited is almost always that published by medical or public health researchers. Little is cited from the criminological or sociological field. Second, reports with findings not supporting the position of the journal are rarely cited.
Finally, several assumptions are presented as fact: Incestuous and selective literature citations may be acceptable for political tracts, but introduces an artificial bias into scientific publications.
Stating as fact associations which may be demonstrably false is not just unscientific, it is unprincipled. In the case of firearms, however, the advocacy seems to have preceded the health related research. For example, one author characterized guns as "a virus that must be eradicated.
This follows the health advocate sages' avowed intention to promote the idea that firearm ownership is an evil and that its elimination is a desirable and efficacious means of reducing violence. The Verdict Of Criminological Scholarship Since the s, health advocate sages have written a vast and ever-increasing amount of anti-gun advocacy literature.
The divergence was not as clear twenty-five to thirty years ago as it is today. In the s, criminological opinion was dominated by writers who felt more or less as the anti-gun health advocacy writers do today.To report a threat of school violence before the instigator has a chance to act on his/her intentions, please contact Speak Up at SPEAKUP (that is ).
I would like to thank all of the Survivors and others who have contacted me with information about school violence.
Mar 21, · School shootings remain extremely rare, representing a tiny fraction of the gun violence epidemic that, on average, leaves a child bleeding or dead every hour in the United States.
The OBPP comprises three resources, including a Bullying Questionnaire and two manuals, as well as other materials..
Readiness Assessment This tool will help you gauge how prepared your school is to implement the program. Four Core Components The OBPP is a long-term, system-wide program for change involving program components at four levels.. Trainer Certification. During the –16 school year, 79 percent of public schools recorded that one or more incidents of violence, theft, or other crimes had taken place, amounting to million crimes.
This translates to a rate of 28 crimes per 1, students enrolled in – Acts of school and workplace violence, including both active shooter incidents and violent protests, threaten life safety and security, undermine public confidence, and emotionally devastate affected communities.
Violence in U.S. Public Schools: A Summary of Findings. ERIC Digest. A recent report from the National Center for Education Statistics, "Violence in U.S.
Public Schools," deals with a subject that has received increasing attention in recent years as a result of several highly publicized cases of violence in public schools.